Famous daughters-mothers: 3 outstanding female dynasties in art and science
When they talk about the famous dynasties in art, and even more so in science, we are talking, as a rule, about fathers and their sons. But the talented women who raised the same talented daughters, no less. It is possible that less is known about these dynasties, because women take the husband’s last name and are not perceived as female protagonists. Brilliant women, on whose children nature did not have to rest – further in the review.
The name of Marie Sklodowska-Curie is known all over the world – in all school textbooks they write about how the first Nobel Prize winner woman discovered radium and became the first person on earth who died from exposure – after all, nobody knew about the deadly danger of this element. She became a member of 106 scientific institutions and the owner of 20 honorary degrees. Marie Curie died at 66 years of leukemia, which developed under the influence of radioactive substances.
Far less aware of her daughters. The eldest, Irene Joliot Curie, continued the work of the mother and also became a teacher at the Sorbonne and the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. And just like her mother, she became a victim of science – for the same reason, Irene died from leukemia. But her younger sister Eva lived 102 years! She was not interested in science, devoting herself to music, literature and a journalist. Eva Curie was known as a pianist, theater critic, playwright, war correspondent, social activist and author of her mother’s biography, Madame Curie. Daughter Irene and Frederick Joliot-Curie continued the scientific dynasty – she became a nuclear physicist and teacher at the Sorbonne.
The name of Maya Plisetskaya is known all over the world – she was called a ballet legend and an icon of style. She was prima ballerina of the Bolshoi Theater, artistic director of the Rome Opera and Ballet Theater and the Spanish National Ballet. Plisetskaya danced until 65 years old, starred in several film adaptations of ballet performances, published a series of memoirs. She passed away in 2015, at the age of 90. Much less known about her famous ancestors, thanks to whom she achieved such success.
The mother of Maya Plisetskaya was the silent film actress, the star of the Uzbekfilm studio, Rachel Messerer (on the screen, Ra Messerer), who interrupted her film career for the sake of family and the upbringing of three children. In 1937, Maya’s father was arrested on a false accusation of espionage and shot, and his mother, who had fallen into the ALZHIR camp for the traitors of the Motherland, ended up in prison. To save Maya, the mother’s sister Shulamith adopted her and took her to her. She was a ballerina, a soloist of the Bolshoi Theater, and it was thanks to her that Maya Plisetskaya began to practice dancing. Shulamith Messerer became the founder of the first ballet school in Japan, and in 1980 she moved to the UK and trained Covent Garden artists there. Shulamith Messerer died in 2004 at the age of 96 years. Perhaps this glorious family would have continued, but Maya Plisetskaya deliberately refused to motherhood, fearing that it would put an end to her career as a ballet dancer.
Tatyana Yablonskaya is a famous Soviet artist of world renown. 35 of her paintings are stored in the Tretyakov Gallery, she participated in many biennials abroad and became famous throughout the world. When in 80 years after a stroke her right hand paralyzed her, she began to write with her left — Yablonskaya could not imagine her life without painting. She completed her last picture the day before she died. All three daughters of the Kiev artist continued the work of the mother.
The most famous painting by Tatiana Yablonskaya “Morning”, written in 1954, became fateful for her eldest daughter Elena. The artist wrote this picture in her Kiev communal apartment, and the 13-year-old daughter, who was engaged in gymnastics and dancing, posed for her.