5 brilliant creators who went down in history and died in poverty
It seems to us that genius itself is the key to success, and that people who have become classics in any kind of art should swim in success in life. This would be true, however, unfortunately, it often happens otherwise. Even talents, appreciated by contemporaries, sometimes cannot boast of the qualities of a successful businessman and do not know how to “sell” their talent in dignity, or lead too hectic lives, which also does not contribute to the accumulation of wealth.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
The genius composer, who became famous in his early childhood, by the age of 25 had reached the peak of his creativity and bathed in success – his concerts and fees for publishing works brought a lot of money, he taught many students and received income from operas. Some of them were overwhelming, especially The Marriage of Figaro. However, the popularity and love of the audience turned out to be for Mozart inconstant companions. The Don Juan, which failed in Vienna, undermined the composer’s financial well-being, he lost success with the public and was unable to recruit more subscribers to his concerts. The situation was worsened by the diseases of his wife, who demanded treatment at the spa. As a result, by the age of 30, the position of Mozart became more than sad, and at 35 he died, leaving almost no savings behind.
Vincent van Gogh
One of the most recognizable artists today, whose work had a great influence on the painting of the 20th century, did not live to see success. By the way, the well-known fact that during the life of Van Gogh sold only one picture is not quite true. “Red vineyards in Arles” became the only canvas for which they paid a substantial amount, and in total they sold 14 paintings. But in any case, all his life the artist, ahead of his time, suffered from a lack of understanding of the public. This caused him depression and disappointment, and at the end of his creative career he was awaited by mental illness. Shortly before the death of Van Gogh, his paintings, exhibited in Brussels, aroused great interest among colleagues, there was the first enthusiastic article about his work, but all this did not cause joy to the seriously ill genius. Immediately after his death, his memorial exhibitions were held throughout Europe and laid the foundation for Van Gogh’s popularity. Today his work tops the list of the most expensive paintings.
The brilliant and self-confident writer who conquered not only Europe, but also America at the end of the 19th century, failed to cope with the destructive passion that as a result destroyed his whole life. “The love that hides his name” – a fatal attachment to the young Lord Alfred Douglas had the saddest consequences. At first, the young man simply pulled out money from Wilde for his numerous whims and for solving problems with blackmailers – the fact is that London at that time was notable for such relations. Then, the overly confident “brilliant Oscar” himself provoked the first trial on this topic and ended up in prison. He came out after two years broken, lost his family and reputation. Three years later, which he spent in voluntary exile, existing with funds sent by his ex-wife, the famous writer died in France, writing before his death: “I will not survive the XIX century. The British will not tolerate my continued presence. ”
The composer, whose music is still among the most performed classical works, at the beginning of his career worked as a simple school teacher in a suburb of Vienna. Further attempts to establish themselves professionally were given to him poorly, although he gained some fame mainly as a songwriter and ballad “The Forest King.” Attempts to get the post of conductor or publish their work were unsuccessful, and at the age of 31, Schubert died of typhoid fever. He gave his only public concert in his life several months before his death. After him, there was a mass of unpublished manuscripts, and the further search for the creative heritage of the great composer could be compared to treasure hunting. Only 70 years after his death, a scientifically verified collection of works by Franz Schubert was published.